Taking the time to read the article in the BBC link
may just save a life.
On World Diabetes Day, three people talk about what it's like to live with the condition and what they wish people knew about it.
When April was at university, a housemate drunkenly moved her insulin from the fridge to the freezer - and insulin doesn't work if it gets too cold.
"As it was frozen I had to throw it away," says April, saying she had only got the prescription two days previously. "People don't realise how serious it is - it's someone's life on the line."
The 21-year-old actress adds that in "life or death situations" most non-diabetics may not know what to do.
April had a "hypo", short for hypoglycaemia, meaning her blood sugar levels were too low. Hypos happen if the balance of medication - usually insulin - isn't right. Symptoms can include shaking, sweating, going pale, being anxious or irritable and blurred sight.
But when they were trying to help, her friends injected her with insulin - which made her levels even lower. When her condition did not improve, another friend was called who explained that she needed sugar, not insulin.
If someone has a hypo, they need a fast-acting carbohydrate - something sugary that will enter the bloodstream quickly.
If someone is unable to treat their own hypo and they are unconscious, an ambulance should be called.
Diabetes - the basics
There are two main types of diabetes - type 1 and type 2. There are also other kinds like gestational diabetes, which develops during pregnancy.
In type 1, which is typically diagnosed earlier in life but can develop at any age, insulin has to be injected, either manually or through a pump. It can't be prevented or cured and it's not caused by lifestyle.
People get type 2 when the insulin they produce isn't working properly, or not enough is being made. It can be linked to being overweight or inactive and also to family history. It's much more common than type 1, accounting for about 90% of all people with diabetes. Some people with type 2 take insulin, while others control their blood sugar levels with medication, exercise and a healthy diet.
Having uncontrolled blood glucose in the long run can lead to complications, including problems with nerves, kidneys, eyes and feet, but the risk of developing them can be reduced with the right treatment and care.
Sources: NHS, Diabetes UK
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